Friday, July 24, 2015

Who were Datoh Kulup Lembang's parents?

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

To outsiders, this would be a question that is bound to make the researcher look bloody silly for they might of course say that the answer can easily be obtained simply by asking the rest of the descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang.

The researcher however refrains from doing so mainly because he is convinced that there is something very fishy going on in matters regarding Datoh Kulup Lembang, not only in Tambun but also the whole District of Kinta.

What is truly mystifying is that the researcher was never told about Datoh Kulup Lembang's parents by his own late parents!

Is this the divine sign that the researcher is an illegitimate, bastard adult that has no blood relationship whatsoever with Datoh Kulup Lembang?

Does this mean that the researcher, like his strangely neglected OKU brother, will also would not get any kind of assistance from Datoh Kulup Lembang's religious endowment in time of need?

My oh my! Disturbing, dastardly thoughts indeed!

Due to the lingering smell of fishiness, it is obvious that the researcher has to look for clues to the identity of the biological parents of Datoh Kulup Lembang on his own from whatever resources that he has at the moment. So far, the researcher has determined that the following sources should provide sufficient leads;

  1. Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta
  2. Datoh Kulup Lembang, the Executor of the estate of Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab
  3. Grant of Letters of Administration
  4. Death of Datoh Lembang

Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta

The mind-boggling legend was most probably first brought to the attention of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1886 by Abraham Hale. If this is correct, then Abraham Hale's notations on the mind-boggling legend could very well be the first western written account of the legend.1

Short biography of Abraham Hale

He was born in 1854 at Sussex and received his early education at St. Clement Dane's Holborn Estates School. He ventured into farming and for a while worked under his father at the office of Lord Sheffield's estate properties in Sussex. In 1883, he reached the shores of the Federated Malay States and for a short time, ventured into tin mining. Abraham Hale was then appointed as the Inspector of Mines and Assistant Magistrate of Kinta in 1885. He was later roped in to help out Martin Lister in Negeri Sembilan in 1887. In 1897, he was appointed as the District Officer of Kuala Selangor and then transferred to Klang in 1899. He was then appointed as the Collector of Land Revenue and Registrar of Titles of Kuala Lumpur. He was then recalled back to Perak and received the appointment as the District Officer of Larut and Krian in 1904.2

Another source reported that Abraham Hale's very first civil service appointment was in 1884 when he was appointed as the Acting Magistrate of Matang. Abraham Hale retired in May 1911 and passed away at the age of 64 at Dachurst, Hildenborough, Kent. His last appointment was as the Deputy Agent of the Malay States Information Agency in London.3

The identity of Kulup Lembong in Abraham Hale's notes regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta

The researcher couldn't help being fascinated with a mysterious figure named as Kulup Lembong that is mentioned in the last few paragraphs of Abraham Hale's notations regarding the mind-boggling Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta.4

Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta

Who was Kulup Lembong?

To answer the question, the researcher must first determine the followings;

  1. The timeline of events that were mentioned by Abraham Hale.
  2. The exact location of Rotan Seger.
Timeline of events regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta

Fortunately, Abraham Hale had given us the information we need in order to determine the timeline of events that he had mentioned in his notations regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta.

Abraham Hale mentioned that Tandil Tias died “fifty years ago” and Tandil Tias was one and the first of the lucky few that had the privilege to meet Toh Panglima Ghapar after he had married the other-worldly princess known as Putri Bendang Ayer Angat. Tandil Tias also married an other-worldly woman and later got a son named Dualim.5

Abraham Hale had also described the event where Toh Abu Kasim (grandson of Toh Panglima Ghapar) had spent 2 nights in a cave and later met with Toh Panglima Ghapar as something that happened “thirty years ago”, before Toh Abu Kasim eventually died in Mecca.6

We already know that the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta was immortalized by the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society in 1886. If that is the case, then Abraham Hale most probably heard about the mind-boggling legend when he was in Kinta, probably during his appointment as the Inspector of Mines and Assistant Magistrate of Kinta in 1885.

Using 1885 as the primary key of the timeline, the researcher believes that Tandil Tias probably died circa 1835 while the event involving Toh Abu Kasim probably had taken place circa 1855, thus raising the possibility that the event involving the mysterious Kulup Lembong had taken place somewhere between 1855 and 1885.

The exact location of Rotan Seger

Abraham Hale in his notes regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta, clearly mentioned that the event involving the mysterious figure known as Kulup Lembong had taken place at Rotan Seger that is located somewhere in Kinta.

From an old map titled Map of Perak 1901, the researcher learns about the existence of a locality known as Rotan Sega, located either to the south or south-west of Tambun.7

Map of Perak 1901

From another much more recent map,8 the researcher discovers that a locality known as Rotan Segar is located more or less at the same location with Rotan Sega that is mentioned earlier. Through the help of GIS, the researcher also learns that Rotan Segar is only between 2.5 to 4.3 kilometres to the west of the famous Gunung Datok of Tambun. Rotan Segar sadly no longer exists today but it was once located right at the present-day Taman Kaya, Taman Perak, Taman Kemuncak, Perumahan Pegawai Tentera (Jalan Tambun), Taman Ipoh and Taman Ipoh Selatan. The researcher also does not discount the possibility that the present-day Taman Tambun, Kampung Baru Tambun and the Royal Malay Regiment camp at Jalan Tambun are parts of the old Rotan Segar too. Many may not realize it, but if they are driving along the North-South Expressway stretch between Ipoh North Exit and Ipoh South Exit, they would be driving right through Rotan Segar and they wouldn't even know it.9

Custom map of Rotan Segar

Custom map of Rotan Segar II

Holy Kinta tin ore! The North-South Expressway?!

There are no other places in Kinta that sound even close to Rotan Seger, thus the researcher is convinced that the Rotan Seger that was mentioned by Abraham Hale was in fact Rotan Sega or Rotan Segar. The close proximity of Rotan Segar to Gunung Datok, the very backdrop behind the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta, makes it even more convincing to the researcher that Rotan Segar and Rotan Seger were in fact one and the same locality.

What if Kulup Lembong was in fact Datoh Kulup Lembang?

So far the researcher has shown that the close proximity of Rotan Segar and Gunung Datoh could not be dismissed. As matter of fact, the township of Tambun was and still is very much nearer to Rotan Segar than Gunung Datok. The researcher has also determined that the event involving the mysterious Kulup Lembong had taken place in Rotan Segar, somewhere between 1855 and 1885.

The researcher's Great-Great-Grandfather on the other hand, Datoh Kulup Lembang, died at the age of about 70 at Tambun back in 1915.10 This would put the age of Datoh Kulup Lembang to be anywhere between 10 to 40 years old back in the period between 1855 and 1885, thus opening a rather interesting but debatable angle of this research.

It is not immediately known when exactly Datoh Kulup Lembang had arrived in Tambun or made his presence known in Tambun but from the resources that the researcher has at the moment, it seems that Datoh Kulup Lembang had already owned an agricultural property in Tambun back in 1898 but it is highly likely that Datoh Kulup Lembang had been in and around Tambun much earlier than that.11 This is due to the fact that Datoh Kulup Lembang was a very successful mining landlord with at least 27 mining properties under his name.12 The exact locations of Datoh Kulup Lembang's 27 mining properties could not be disclosed at the moment but the researcher can reveal that a number of them were once located in and around Tambun.

It is not entirely impossible that Abraham Hale in his capacity as the Inspector of Mines and Assistant Magistrate of Kinta back in 1885, had not only met but also knew Datoh Kulup Lembang very well. It is also not entirely impossible that Datoh Kulup Lembang was one of the people that had narrated the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta to Abraham Hale. After considering all the possibilities, the researcher believes that there is a strong possibility that the mysterious Kulup Lembong that was mentioned by Abraham Hale in his notations regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta was his own Great-Great-Grandfather, Datoh Kulup Lembang.

Datoh Kulup Lembang, related with Toh Panglima Ghapar, Toh Abu Kasim or both?

Abraham Hale unfortunately didn't provide much information regarding Toh Panglima Ghapar. From his notes, Toh Panglima Ghapar is described as an influential Dato that governed Kinta from a village called Kapayang or Kepayang, his wife is only mentioned as Toh Puan and his grandson is only known as Toh Abu Kasim.13

Fortunately, Abraham Hale is not the only one that has written about the mind-boggling legend of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan' of Tambun. Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad has written about it too and in his version of the legend, it seems that the figure at the very center of the legend comes with a few different names; Dato Rafor, Dato Ngah Abdul Raffar, Dato Ngah Rafor and Dato Che Ngah Rafor. Nonetheless, the researcher is convinced that all those names refer to the same person and it is not immediately known why Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad had so many names for the primary figure behind the legend. Perhaps it is to satisfy the narrators that had narrated the legend to Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad where each and every one of them might have come up with different names for the main figure behind the legend. One thing, however, is crystal clear after reading Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad's version of the legend. Dato Rafor, Dato Ngah Abdul Raffar, Dato Ngah Rafor or Dato Che Ngah Rafor for that matter was indeed a very important nobleman in Kinta.14

Kulup Lembong, Toh Abu Kasim and Tandil Tias however were never mentioned in Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad's version of the legend and these are just some of the peculiarities that the researcher will scrutinize further in the near future. The peculiarities unfortunately don't end there for the mind-boggling legend of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan' seems to get a totally new makeover in a strange book titled The 7 Wonders of Tambun! In the strange book titled The 7 Wonders of Tambun, the primary figure behind the legend is now known simply as Ngah Abdul Ghafar and he is described as a very important man in Kinta that came with the title of the Fifth Admiral of Kinta!15

Holy Kinta tin ore! The Fifth Admiral of Kinta!?

Despite all the peculiarities surrounding the mind-boggling legend throughout the ages, the researcher could see that there is at least an acceptable level of consistency regarding the primary figure behind the legend. The Toh Panglima Ghapar that is first mentioned by Abraham Hale in his notations regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta might have come with many other different names in other versions of the legend but it all point to the same acknowledgement, that he was indeed a very important nobleman of Kinta.

Fortunately, Richard James Wilkinson or better known as R. J. Wilkinson had already shed light on the real identity of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan' in 1909. It is now beyond all doubt that the main figure behind the legend was the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta and R. J. Wilkinson's revelation came with a fascinating bonus, the interconnecting genealogical tree of past title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta, including Dato Panglima Kinta Gapar. Dato Panglima Kinta Gapar's family tree could very well be incomplete but what R. J. Wilkinson had provided corresponds perfectly with what was mentioned by Abraham Hale in his notations regarding the Legend of Toh Panglima Ghapar of Kinta. The researcher believes that the Abu Kasim that is shown as the grandson of Dato Panglima Kinta Gapar is the very same Toh Abu Kasim (grandson of Toh Panglima Ghapar) that was first mentioned by Abraham Hale. It is interesting to take note here that R. J. Wilkinson clearly marked Abu Kasim with 'd. s. p', a genealogical abbreviation that has a Latin origin (descessit sine prole), indicating that Abu Kasim had died childless.16

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta

If the mysterious Kulup Lembong that was mentioned by Abraham Hale was indeed Datoh Kulup Lembang, the researcher wonders if this new unexplored angle could somehow shed some light on the identity of his Great-Great-Grandfather's biological parents;

  1. Could it be possible that Datoh Kulup Lembang and his parents were somehow directly related with Tandil Tias?
  2. Could it be possible that Datoh Kulup Lembang and his parents were somehow directly related to the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta, the main figure behind the mind-boggling legend of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan'?

Unfortunately at this particular stage, the apparent lack of evidences to support either one possibility only meant that the possibilities remain possibilities.

Datoh Kulup Lembang, the Executor of the estate of Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab

In 1906, the Kinta Land Office received an application for the renewal of an Ancestral Mining Lease. Based from the entry that was registered in the Kinta Land Office registry, the application was submitted by Kulup Lembang of Tambun, as the Executor of the estate of the late Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab.17

Executor of the estate of Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab

The researcher is more than convinced that the Kulup Lembang mentioned earlier was none other than his own Great-Great-Grandfather, Datoh Kulup Lembang. The researcher however is very much surprised to learn that his Great-Great-Grandfather had been trusted with a very important task involving the estate of a former Dato Panglima Kinta.

Looking back at the old Probate and Administration Enactment, the researcher is also convinced that the late Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab had left behind a will and he had not only named but also appointed Datoh Kulup Lembang as his trusted Executor.18

Probate and Administration Enactment

Short biography of Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab

Little is known regarding Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's early years but when Muhamad Yusop (Muhammad Yusuff) became the 10th Dato Panglima Kinta, Abdul Wahab was the Toh Muda. Abdul Wahab later became the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta upon the death of Muhamad Yusop (Muhammad Yusuff). Abdul Wahab was described as a very wealthy nobleman and he had a wife named Tok Puan Sharifah but unfortunately both of them couldn't get any children, prompting them to adopt a child known only as Che Mee.19

It is interesting to mention here that Abdul Wahab was embroiled in a controversy upon the death of Toh Muda Abdurrani or Durani. The then Panglima Kinta conferred Abdul Wahab, his own son, the position of Toh Muda. It was an action that had caused considerable uproar and the matter was discussed by the Perak State Council on June 10th 1881. After much deliberation, the Perak State Council unanimously ordered that Che Alang Yusuf should be appointed Toh Muda (he was probably the one that eventually became the 10th Dato Panglima Kinta after the death of the 9th Dato Panglima Kinta) with a salary of $50 per mensem.20

Abdul Wahab as the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta had a rather short appointment, he was barely into his first year when he died at his Lahat Road residence at the age of 55 after succumbing to phthisis (lung disease) in 1905.21

Why did Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab chose Datoh Kulup Lembang as the executor of his will?

Now we have come to the part that boggles the mind of the humble researcher. Why in the world did the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta chose the researcher's Great-Great-Grandfather as the executor of his will?

Is it because Datoh Kulup Lembang was his trusted friend?

Is it because Datoh Kulup Lembang was his trusted relative?

Is it because Datoh Kulup Lembang was his trusted fellow nobleman?

The researcher intends to find out and the researcher believes that the decision to appoint his Great-Great-Grandfather as the executor of Abdul Wahab's will must have been known and approved by Abdul Wahab's wife, thus it is necessary to take a closer look at the genealogical trees of both Abdul Wahab and his wife.

Genealogical tree of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab

Based from the information that was provided by R. J. Wilkinson and published in 1908, it seems that the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab was a direct descendant of the 9th (Uda Bidin), 6th (Ngah Sudin), 4th (Tok Paloh), 2nd (Tok Changkat Sega) and also the very 1st (Tok Tambak) Dato Panglima Kinta, thus making it clear as day that the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab came from the powerful Paloh branch.22

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta

R. J. Wilkinson's basic information regarding the ancestry of past holders of the title of Dato Panglima Kinta is of course far from being complete but after comparing the information that he had provided with the online, crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, the researcher finds the information to be fairly accurate. It is interesting to mention here that the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, through his mother, Toh Puan Ensah, was not only the grandson of Orang Kaya Kaya Panglima Bukit Gantang Seri Amar Diraja Alang Idin bin Tok Pandak Jamaludin but also the great grandson of Seri Maharaja Lela Daeng Uda Tahir and the second great grandson of Seri Maharaja Lela Daeng Usman.23

Geni World Family Tree - Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab

The title of Panglima Bukit Gantang Seri Amar Diraja belongs to the descendants of Tun Belunak (son of Tun Saban) at Trong or Terong, Perak.24 The ancient title of Seri Maharaja Lela came from one of the old titles of the sixteen minor chiefs of Perak, today it is known as Toh Seri Maharaja Lela. In the old days, the title holders of Seri Maharaja Lela ruled over Sayong or Kota Lama and they were descendants of Tuk Haji Besar from Sayong and Kota Lama.25

Genealogical tree of Tok Puan Sharifah, the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's wife

Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad unfortunately didn't give us much information regarding Tok Puan Sharifah. When she was married to the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, she couldn't bore any children of her own, prompting both of them to adopt a child known only as Che Mee.26

IpohWorld on the other hand, named the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's wife as Toh Puan Sharifah Rodiah. It seems that this Toh Puan Sharifah Rodiah, upon the death of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab in 1905, later married Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar.27

Holy Kinta tin ore!

Even though his exact role could not be determined, Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar (along with William Burton) was indeed responsible for the administration of the estate of Datoh Kulup Lembang upon the death of the latter in 1915.28

It has to be mentioned here that Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar was the brain behind the proposal to build the present-day historical Paloh Mosque, Ipoh. The construction of the Paloh Mosque apparently was financed by a few wealthy people and one of them was only known as Toh Puan Hajjah Sharifah.29

The researcher has reasons to believe that Toh Puan Hajjah Sharifah, Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad's Tok Puan Sharifah and IpohWorld's Toh Puan Sharifah Rodiah were one and the same person. This new revelation comes with an interesting twist and the researcher couldn't help feeling optimistic that he is on to something here but the actual truth would only reveal itself in due time.

So far the task of identifying her genealogical lineage looks very much futile since the researcher couldn't identify her biological parent due to the apparent lack of information. Fortunately, a valuable clue finally came in the form of a notice that was published in a newspaper back in 1917, a few months after the death of Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar on March 14th 1917. The notice made it clear that the Letters of Administration to the estate of the late Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar were granted by the Court of Judicial Commissioner at Ipoh to Toh Puan Haji Saripah binti Che Duakap, the widow of the late Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar on June 8th 1917.30

The researcher also has reasons to believe that Tok Puan Sharifah, Toh Puan Hajjah Sharifah, Toh Puan Sharifah Rodiah and Toh Puan Haji Saripah binti Che Duakap were one and the same person. Finally! Now we know the name of her biological father but now the $97,000 ringgit question is, who in the world was Che Duakap?

Back then, it was pretty common that the 'Haji' prefix was used on both male and female pilgrims of Hajj but from this point onwards, the researcher will address her as Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap. One thing we do know now is that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was very wealthy and there is a strong possibility that her father was just as wealthy too. Since Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah herself had married nobles, there is also a possibility that her parents were also nobles of yet-to-be-determined pedigree.

So, who was this mysterious Che Duakap, the father of Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah?

The researcher would not blame anybody for thinking that the mysterious Che Duakap was probably Alang Duakap, the father of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Wan Muhammad Amin.31 The name is synonymous with the history of Perak, perhaps even the history of our very nation! Alang Duakap is often mentioned with the name of his famous son in the same breath! From his research, the researcher found that Alang Duakap had a few other names or aliases. He is also known as Alang Abdul Wakap or simply Abdul Wakap. Geni's crowd-sourced World Family Tree further adds Alang Abdul Wakaf as his other known name or alias.32 If the mysterious Che Duakap and the well known Alang Duakap were indeed one and the same person, then he was certainly descended from Nakhoda Hitam or Tok Kuala Bidor, the very first Laksamana Raja Mahkota.33

Reburial of Laksamana Mohamad Amin Alang Duakap

Coincidentally, back in the past, one particular Dato Laxamana just happened to be one of the distinguished residents of Ipoh. This Dato Laxamana had a piece of land in Kampung Paloh, believed to be located to the east of the Kinta river in the section better known today as New Town. It was the site of one of the major landing sites during the time when the Kinta river was still the primary means of transportation and communication.34 In 1895, R. Arayu, one the first students of the first English medium school in Kinta, (the present-day Anglo Chinese School), described a fortified house belonging to a Dato Laxamana that was located somewhere in the middle of the then Ipoh Market Square that was adjoined to the Laxamana Road.35 The researcher has reasons to believe that the Dato Laxamana mentioned earlier was none other than Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain.

In 1935, a newspaper article mentioned a mysterious Penghulu known only by the name of Datoh Laxamana Hussin who in 1889 was living in the same period of time with Datoh Panglima Kinta Yusoff, Datoh Muda Abdul Wahab and Datoh Muda Che Lope.36 Another news article reported the death of Orang Kaya Kaya Datoh Laksamana Hussein who died on February 13th 1917 at the age of 95 at his residence in Gopeng Road. He left behind his wife and two children, a son known only as Che Taba and a daughter known only as Che Dumun. Orang Kaya Kaya Datoh Laksamana Hussein was an influential member of the Perak State Council where he had served for more than 30 years. He was also known as a full-fledged millionaire with many rubber plantations under his name. Orang Kaya Kaya Datoh Laksamana Hussein apparently was very conservative and he did not believed in the modern banking system. He reportedly kept all his money in a strong room conveniently located at his own residence.37 Another source however reported that the Orang Kaya Kaya Datoh Laxamana died at his residence in Laxamana Road.38

Gopeng Road? Rubber plantations? Holy Kinta tin ore!

It is not immediately known when exactly Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain was conferred with the famous noble title but in 1891, Datoh Raja Mahkota Haji Sleman was promoted to the title of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana of Perak.39 The title of Raja Mahkota was one of the old titles of the sixteen minor chiefs of Perak, the Toh Muda or Assistant to the Laksamana Raja Mahkota.40 Hence, bringing up a rather intriguing question. With reference to the genealogical tree of the title holders of the title of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota that was provided by R. O. Winstedt, who was the Laksamana Haji Sulaiman that may or may not be involved in the signing of the Pangkor Treaty in 1874?41

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Laksamana Raja Mahkota

Nonetheless, the same genealogical tree clearly indicates that Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin and Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Hussain were closely related. Geni's built-in relationship path finder tool has identified Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin as the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain.42 If Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was indeed the sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Muhammad Amin, then she would have been the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain too!

One particular experienced researcher that has spent years investigating the history of the past title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta is seemingly convinced that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was the half-sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin, born from the same father but of different mother.43 The same experienced researcher also believes that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, through her mother, Andak Rasnah, was related to the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta or better known as 'Dato Hilang Dijalan'.44

Holy Kinta tin ore!

A quick glance at Geni's crowd-sourced World Family Tree revealed something quite perplexing to the humble researcher. There is no doubt that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was once married to the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and later Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar. Unfortunately, the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's profile at Geni did not indicate that he had ever married Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, not until one of us added the necessary information on June 29th 2015.45 The same peculiarity can be seen on Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar's profile. There is no indication that he had ever married Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap.46

What is going on here? A number of people are responsible for managing the profiles of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar, don't they know that both nobles were married to Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap?

Another peculiarity can be seen on the index of the graves at the Muslim burial ground that is on display at the historical Paloh Mosque's notice board. The researcher earlier has determined that Toh Puan Sharifah Rodiah and Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap were in fact one and the same person. It is indeed perplexing to see that the index only mentions her name.47

Paloh Mosque's burial ground index - Toh Puan Saripah

The researcher certainly hopes that all the peculiarities mentioned earlier are nothing but cases of unfortunate oversights.

It has to be mentioned here that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was very generous when it comes to her faith and religion. Other than partly financing the construction of the present-day Paloh Mosque,48 she had also contributed a whole building, as a form of her religious endowment, to the Dar al-Ulum ad-Diniyah Madrasa at Shuib Ali, Mecca.49 Her adopted daughter, Che Mee or Che Me, also followed her footsteps. She built a mosque somewhere in Tasek on her own.50

The same index that is on display at Paloh Mosque's notice board indicates that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap passed away in 1363 Hijri or circa 1943 in the Gregorian calendar. If that is the case, then it was most probably Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap who accompanied Raja Zainal Azman Shah (son of Raja Sir Chulan) in his short voyage to Medan in order to marry Toengkoe Mandak Khariolbanoon, the daughter of the Sultan of Deli in 1931.51

Leads pointing to Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap?

After painstakingly digging into the history of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, the researcher still couldn't identify the elusive reason that could explain why his Great-Great-Grandfather, Datoh Kulup Lembang, was chosen as the executor of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's will.

The researcher however is very much intrigued with the leads that have been uncovered so far, thus helping him to see an intriguing chain of events that had transpired in the past with regards to his Great-Great-Grandfather, Datoh Kulup Lembang;

  1. When Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was married to the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, Datoh Kulup Lembang was somehow chosen as the executor of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's will and evidence indicates that Datoh Kulup Lembang had indeed performed the given duty as executor after the death of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab in 1905.
  2. Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap later married Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar and upon the death of Datoh Kulup Lembang in 1915, her husband, Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar, along with William Burton, was somehow chosen to administer the estate of Datoh Kulup Lembang.

It was an intriguing chain of events that opens up even more questions;

  1. Could it be possible that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, allegedly the half-sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin, the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain and the great granddaughter of the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta, was the hidden force behind the decision to appoint Datoh Kulup Lembang as the executor of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's will?
  2. Could it be possible that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, allegedly the half-sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin, the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain and the great granddaughter of the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta, was also the hidden force behind the decision to let Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar, along with William Burton, administer the estate of Datoh Kulup Lembang upon his death in 1915?
  3. Could all these fascinating circumstances somehow provide clues to the identities of Datoh Kulup Lembang's biological parents?

Perhaps, just perhaps, but the researcher is optimistic that the answers will reveal themselves in due time.

Grant of Letters of Administration

We have learned a lot from the Grant of Letters of Administration that was registered in the Court of the Judicial Commissioner of Ipoh in July 2nd 1915. From the documents that came with the Grant of Letters of Administration, we learned that Datoh Kulup Lembang had left behind at least 55 titles of land under his name upon his death in 1915. We also learned that Datoh Kulup Lembang had many other aliases. It seems that Datoh Kulup Lembang was not the only one that had many other names or aliases. His father too had a few and if we truly want to identify his true identity, there is a need to look into his other names or aliases who otherwise was officially known on record as Mohamed Kassim;52

  1. Haji Mat Kassim
  2. Haji Mohamed Kasim
  3. Haji Abdul Kassim

Sadly, the information couldn't help the researcher in identifying the genealogical past of Datoh Kulup Lembang's father. The limited information may not help much at the moment but it might prove useful in the near future, perhaps, to other researchers that might be interested in digging into the history of the researcher's Great-Great-Grandfather.

Death of Datoh Lembang

The notice that was published in a newspaper upon the death of Datoh Kulup Lembang back in 1915 may look insignificant at first glance but upon closer inspection, it actually contains valuable information that could help the researcher in identifying the identities of Datoh Kulup Lembang's biological parents. With reference to the same notice;53

  1. Datoh Kulup Lembang was described as one of the leading members of the old Malay nobility, old schooled, very conservative, apparently born in Kinta, had never been abroad and spent most of his living years in Kinta.
  2. Datoh Kulup Lembang was also described as someone that was related to the then Dato Panglima Kinta.

Datoh Kulup Lembang was one of the leading members of the old Malay nobility?

Unfortunately, going by history, Perak simply has too many noble lineages originating from the distant history. Identifying Datoh Kulup Lembang's distinct noble lineage would be an impossible task unless we have more information in the near future.

Who was the Dato Panglima Kinta circa 1915?

In the early stages of this research, the researcher initially thought that Datoh Kulup Lembang was related to the Dato Panglima Kinta clan. But after reminding himself that the objective of this research is to provide facts as verbatim as possible, the researcher gave the newspaper notice that was published in 1915, the same notice that started it all another close look. What was once taken out of context is now clear. Datoh Kulup Lembang was not generally related to the Dato Panglima Kinta clan but he was related to the one individual holding the title of Dato Panglima Kinta in 1915, the year when the notice was first published.

So, who was the Dato Panglima Kinta in or circa 1915?

We already know that the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab died at the age of 55 in 1905, thus the researcher has reasons to believe that the Dato Panglima Kinta that was mentioned in the notice, the same Dato Panglima Kinta that was reported to be related with Datoh Kulup Lembang was none other than the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan.

Short biography of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan

When Abdul Wahab became the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta, Che Wan was the Toh Muda. In his teenage years, he learned English at Anglo Chinese School, Ipoh. Apparently he was quite interested in sports and later became Perak's billiard champion. He even had the opportunity to go head to head with other billiard champions from other parts of the world. It is thus not surprising that he later pioneered the formation of the Muhamadan Club where much later it was known as the Kinta Malay Club. During his tenure as the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta, Malay Reservations in Ulu Chemor, Ulu Kuang, Tanjung Rambutan, Chepor and a few others were opened in Kinta. The horrendous Japanese Occupation and Malayan Emergency periods also transpired during his years as the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta.54

It is not immediately known when exactly Che Wan was conferred with the title of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta but the researcher finds it strange that a notice that was published in a newspaper gave the impression that the title might have been conferred in 1910. Five years after the death of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, could this be true? It has to be mentioned here that with the conferment of the title of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta to Che Wan, Che Lope (the then Penghulu of Ipoh) became the new Toh Muda.55

The 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan died in 1947 and his successor, the 13th Dato Panglima Kinta was his brother, Che Tah (Che Tak?).56

Genealogical tree of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan

The 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan was the eldest son of the 10th Dato Panglima Kinta Muhamad Yusop57 and Toh Puan Norteh.58

Looking back at R. J. Wilkinson's basic information regarding the ancestry of past title holders of the title of Dato Panglima Kinta, one could see that just like his predecessor, the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan also came from the powerful Paloh branch.59

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta

The 12th Dato Panglima Kinta had a number of wives but unfortunately Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad only named one, Tok Puan Esah or Hajah Esah binti Che Teba, the granddaughter of Dato Laksamana Che Husin bin Tok Tua. Through his marriage with Toh Puan Esah or Hajah Esah binti Che Teba, the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan had a number of children but unfortunately his children didn't live long. One known only as Haji Saleh Ala or Che La died in nasty car accident involving an M. G. sports car.60 The unfortunate incident probably took place in 1931 at Kuala Kangsar. The deceased, a former student of Anderson School was only 18 years old but he was already described as the heir to the title of Kinta chief.61

After referring to the genealogical tree of the title holders of the title of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota that was provided by R. O. Winstedt, the researcher is convinced that the Dato Laksamana Che Husin bin Tok Tua that was mentioned by Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad was none other than Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain.62

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Laksamana Raja Mahkota

Holy Kinta tin ore!

Earlier, the researcher has revealed that the profiles of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar at Geni's World Family Tree did not indicate that they had ever married Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, allegedly the half-sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin and the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain. The same peculiarity can be seen on the profile of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan, there is no indication that he had ever married Tok Puan Esah or Hajah Esah binti Che Teba, the granddaughter of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain.63

Holy Kinta tin ore!

Once again, the researcher hopes that this particular peculiarity is also nothing but another case of an unfortunate oversight.

It has to be mentioned here that the current 15th Dato Panglima Kinta, Dato Dr. Abdullah Fadzil, is the son of the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan and Toh Puan Oon Zariah.64

The 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan and Datoh Kulup Lembang, how were they related to each other?

After reaching the end of this part of the research regarding the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan, honestly, the researcher has no immediate answer. However, there are indications that the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan and Datoh Kulup Lembang could be related in either one of the following ways (perhaps even both);

  1. The researcher earlier has determined that both of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan came from the powerful Paloh branch. There is a possibility that Datoh Kulup Lembang and his parents were also either directly or indirectly related with the same powerful branch.
  2. If Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap was indeed the half-sister of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Muhammad Amin and the second cousin of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Hussain, then the researcher couldn't help noticing that the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab, Orang Kaya Kaya Sri Adika Raja Wan Mohamed Salleh bin Wan Abubakar and the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan had one thing in common. All three were related with the powerful and historically famous family of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota through matrimony. There is now a possibility that Datoh Kulup Lembang and his parents were also either directly or indirectly related to the same powerful and historically famous family.

The ongoing search for the elusive answers

With little to go by, the researcher has no choice but to continue searching for the identities of Datoh Kulup Lembang's biological parents.

All these years, the researcher is somewhat made to believe that Datoh Kulup Lembang only had one sibling, Haji Abas bin Mohamed Kassim. After considering the fact that Datoh Kulup Lembang came from a noble family, the researcher finds it hard to believe that his Great-Great-Grandfather only had one brother. The researcher is more inclined to believe that the wealthy Datoh Kulup Lembang had many other siblings and they were most probably just as wealthy. Following a hunch that Datoh Kulup Lembang had more than one sibling, the researcher began to look for clues from copies of the old Federated Malay States Government Gazette. It was a painstaking effort, but it was well worth it, even though it was based upon a wild hunch.

From the copies of the old Federated Malay States Government Gazette, the researcher stumbled upon a few interesting names;

  1. Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Mohamed Kassim
  2. Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim
  3. Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim

After spending a lot of time cross-referencing and comparing several potential leads that were generated after studying the individuals behind the 3 names mentioned earlier, the researcher stumbled upon an intriguing Muslim burial ground at the historic Paloh Mosque and ultimately a mysterious wealthy individual known today as Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Banjar Leman.

The researcher also feels that it is necessary to mention the history of the title of Panglima Teja in this part of this research for it might come in handy in the near future. The researcher was also told by an experienced researcher that the father of Datoh Kulup Lembang was Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Ibrahim and the researcher has taken the opportunity to look into the claim. His findings would also be revealed in this humble research.

Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Mohamed Kassim

In 1916, she shared the ownership of an impressive 20 acres of agricultural land located somewhere in Kinta with Mohamed Yasin bin Haji Abas.65

Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Mohamed Kassim

Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim & Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim

Both of them are observed to have the habit of sharing a number of mining properties with impressive acreage including the one shown down below, an equally impressive 11 acres of mining property that was located somewhere in Ulu Kinta.66

Haji Hassan and Hussin, sons of Haji Mohamed Kassim

It was probably the same Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim that was entrusted with the task of maintaining a Malay Cemetery and Mosque located somewhere in Pengkalan, Lahat in 1916 along with Haji Mohamed Said bin Latah.67 The Mosque mentioned earlier is believed to be the present-day Al-Khairiah Mosque that coincidentally also has a private Muslim burial ground, as the result of the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab's waqf or religious endowment. It is also believed that the late 11th Dato Panglima Kinta is buried somewhere in the same private Muslim burial ground.

Malay Cemetery & Mosque at Pengkalan, Lahat

Interestingly, a Zabidah binti Kulop Lembeng was reported in a newspaper article as the widow of Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim who died without leaving a will in 1931.68 The researcher believes that the former could very well be the eldest daughter of Datoh Kulup Lembang and Hajjah Saripah binti Abdullah but at this particular stage, he is not sure if the latter was the one and the same Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim.

The intriguing Zone C

Frequent visits to the historic Paloh Mosque made early this year have given the researcher the opportunity to study the index that is on display at the mosque's notice board. In the end, the researcher couldn't help being intrigued with a particular zone that is a part of a huge Muslim burial ground that is also located within the same compound with the historic Paloh Mosque.

From the index, the researcher noticed three names that may or may not be related with the other three names that are mentioned under the previous two headings;

  1. Hajjah Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Long Mohd Kassim, died in 1942 and buried in burial plot 59.
  2. Haji Hassan Bani bin Haji Mohd Kassim, died in 1931 and buried in burial plot 53.
  3. Dato Panglima Teja Mohd Husin bin Haji Kassim, died in 1940 and buried in burial plot 64.
Paloh Mosque Zone C

Paloh Mosque Zone C

It is interesting to see here that the Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim that is mentioned under the previous heading also died in 1931, in the same year with the Haji Hassan Bani bin Haji Mohd Kassim that is mentioned earlier. Hence, raising the possibility that both were one and the same person.

From the same index, the researcher also noticed that 2 names are purposely printed in red, most probably indicating that both are of significant importance;

  1. Raja Haji Ahmad bin Raja Endut, died in 1977 and buried in burial plot 43.
  2. Haji Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Banjar Leman, died in 1912 and buried in burial plot 48.

Who was Haji Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Banjar Leman?

It all started with a simple question that was recently posed to an experienced researcher that a few years ago has done tremendous research that had shed new light on Tun Sab'an69 and Dato Jenaton70. The researcher of this humble research was shocked to learn that the identity and the history of Haji Mohd Kassim or better known as Long Kassim have long been debated and still being debated today. According to the experienced researcher, he has reasons to believe that Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim was the son of Panglima Perang Sameon, the mysterious warlord that was in the thick of the action during the Perak War (1875-1876). The descendants of Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim however insisted that their great ancestor was the son of Ngah Banja Jugra.71

The World Family Tree at Geni indicates that Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim was the great grandson of the 6th Dato Panglima Kinta Ngah Sudin. He had two wives, Asiah binti Uda Maarof and Halijah binti Mat Unah. He had so many children but the researcher is only interested in three; Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Long Kassim, Bani Hassan bin Haji Long Kassim and Mohd Hussin bin Haji Long Kassim where all three were the children of Haji Long Kassim and Asiah binti Uda Maarof.72

It has to be mentioned here that there is a Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop found buried in burial plot 50 in the same intriguing Zone C at Paloh Mosque's Muslim burial ground and the researcher is convinced that Asiah binti Uda Maarof and Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop were one and the same person. She died in 1927.

The researcher is also convinced that the first 2 names (Hajjah Alang Hamsiah binti Haji Long Mohd Kassim and Haji Hassan Bani bin Haji Mohd Kassim) mentioned under the heading “The intriguing Zone C” were the children of Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim and Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop. They were all buried in the same zone because they were family. The researcher however is still in the process of figuring out the real identity of Dato Panglima Teja Mohd Husin bin Haji Kassim that was also buried in the intriguing Zone C.

The experienced researcher that is mentioned earlier also believes that Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop, through her father, Uda Maarop, was related to the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta. If this is true and based upon the information that the experienced researcher has provided, it all indicates that Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop was the great granddaughter of the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta or better known as 'Dato Hilang Dijalan'.73

Holy Kinta tin ore!

It has to be mentioned here that just like the 11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab and the 12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan, Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim also came from the powerful Paloh branch. His wife, Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop, however, came from the Kepayang branch. Interestingly, R. J. Wilkinson once mentioned that the daughters of the Kepayang branch had married the sons of the powerful Paloh branch.74 Hence, raising a rather interesting question. If Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop and Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap were known examples of such marriage, do we have other daughters of the Kepayang branch that married the sons of the powerful Paloh branch?

It also has to be mentioned here that even though the people managing the profile of Long Kassim Bin Ngah Banja Jugra believe that he had two wives, one of the descendants of Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim however revealed that an unknown research has determined that Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim only had one wife.75 The researcher is of course very much puzzled but he is no position to comment.

Haji Mohd Kassim's or Long Kassim's impressive waqf (religious endowment)

Other than Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah binti Che Duakap, it is believed that Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim also partly financed the construction of the present-day Paloh Mosque.76

Holy Kinta tin ore!

It is thus not surprising that Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim had left behind an impressive family waqf or religious endowment for his descendants;77

  1. RM100 for hospital ward benefits.
  2. RM100 for maternity benefits.
  3. RM300 for death.
  4. One-time, free pilgrimage (umrah) to Mecca.

While the benefits that come with Haji Mohd Kassim's or Long Kassim's family waqf or religious endowment are known to all, the same thing couldn't be said for Datoh Kulup Lembang's waqf or religious endowment. Sadly, Datoh Kulup Lembang's waqf is still shrouded in mystery and the researcher himself has no clue about the benefits that come with his own Great-Great-Grandfather's religious endowment, thus forcing the researcher to consider studying the true meaning of transparency in the near future. Who knows, perhaps transparency has a different meaning under Sunnism!

Anyway, it also seems that Toh Puan Hajjah Saripah was not the only one that had contributed a whole building in Mecca as a form of waqf or religious endowment. Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim had a similar waqf or religious endowment too. His waqf or religious endowment came in the forms of a piece of land and a 3-storey building that were once originally located right in the prime estate of Mecca, nearby Masjid al-Haram. Due to an enormous expansion project, the Saudi Arabian authorities took over the site of Haji Mohd Kassim's or Long Kassim's waqf (religious endowment), including the 3-storey building. Fortunately, due to the efforts of Haji Mohd Kassim's or Long Kassim's close friend known only as Mohamad Rodzi bin Mat Tamat, originally from Tambun but had became permanent resident of Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Arabian authorities had agreed to pay an undisclosed amount of compensation to compensate for the losses. With the consents of the descendants of Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim, the compensation money was later used by Mohamad Rodzi to secure a new piece of land where a new 4-storey building was also built, both are currently located at the Al Aziziyah neighbourhood of Mecca, just to the north of Jabal Thawr.78

From Tambun? Holy Kinta tin ore!

It has to be mentioned here that Abdul Rahman, the son of Datoh Kulup Lembang and Hajjah Saripah binti Abdullah, is believed to be married to Wahidah binti Mat Tamat. Puteh Alawiah, the great granddaughter of Datoh Kulup Lembang and Hajjah Saripah binti Abdullah, is believed to be first married to Nordin bin Mat Tamat. The researcher however for the time being, could not determine if they were all related with the Mohamad Rodzi bin Mat Tamat that is mentioned earlier.

Brief history of the title of Panglima Teja

The researcher has long suspected that the Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim and Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim that are mentioned under the heading “Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim & Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim” were brothers. Under the heading “The intriguing Zone C”, the researcher has also expressed his belief that Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim and Haji Hassan Bani bin Haji Mohd Kassim were most probably one and the same person.

Since Dato Panglima Teja Mohd Husin bin Haji Kassim is also buried in the same intriguing Zone C, the researcher is now inclined to believe that Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim and Dato Panglima Teja Mohd Husin bin Haji Kassim were most probably one and the same person, the son of Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim and Hajjah Asiah binti Uda Maarop.

The title of Panglima Teja was one of the old titles of the sixteen minor chiefs of Perak, the assigned warlord or warrior of Raja Bendahara. In the past, the title was normally conferred to the Teja locals. The title was still in existence in 1905 until the death of the last title holder. From 1953 onwards, the title ceased to exist for it had been replaced with a new title, Toh Seri Bijaya.79 The Bendahara of Perak used to derive revenue from tolls collected from the Kinta river's trade. The Bendahara also once had an assistant that was known as Raja Indra Lela who was put in charge of Sungai Raya. R. O. Winstedt also mentioned that Panglima Teja was the assistant of Bendahara Iskandar when the latter resided at Teja.80 It is possible that Dato Panglima Teja Mohd Husin bin Haji Kassim was the last to carry the title of Panglima Teja.

Who was Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar?

Much to the researcher's surprise, very little is known or written regarding Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar. Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad in his book published in 1959 mentioned a palace belonging to Raja Alang Iskandar that was once located in the neighbourhood of Kota Baharu (today known as Kota Bharu). Raja Alang Iskandar died circa 1847 and upon his death, he was commonly known as Al-marhom Kudus.81

The researcher found an interesting noticeboard in his quick visit to the tomb of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar at Kota Bharu, Gopeng. The noticeboard looks rather new and it could have been erected quite recently. According to the information that is on display, Raja Alang Iskandar was the son of Raja Kechil Tengah Ahmad ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdul Malik Mansur Shah. When his brother became the 23rd Sultan of Perak (1857-1865), His Majesty conferred the title of Bendahara of Perak to Raja Alang Iskandar. Upon his death, Raja Ismail bin Saiyed Syeikh Al-Khairat became his successor.82

Tomb of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar - New noticeboard

It is interesting to note here that R. J. Wilkinson gave the impression that Raja Ismail's predecessor died circa 1851. The understanding back then was that the Bendahara should be considered as the premier chief and not heir to the throne. Raja Ismail apparently had accepted such understanding and didn't lay a claim to the title of Raja Muda upon the deaths of the 21st to the 23rd Sultans of Perak. Due to some unforeseen circumstances that had arisen upon the death of the 24th Sultan of Perak, the chiefs of Perak for some unknown reasons, ignored the preordained understanding and considered Raja Ismail as the heir to the throne.83 The rest is, of course, history and the researcher is not keen on conducting another research on the well known Perak War (1875-1876) unless it is really necessary.

Gopeng? Holy Kinta tin ore!

It has to be mentioned here that the researcher is very intrigued with a particular placard that is put on display at Gopeng Museum. This particular placard shows what possibly the photo of the old noticeboardboard of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar's tomb. According to the information that is seen on photo, Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar who died in 1861 became the Raja Bendahara Perak circa 1851, thus becoming the 12th Bendahara from the royal blood.84

Tomb of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar - Old noticeboard

The World Family Tree at Geni indicates that Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar died in 1849 and after utilising Geni's built-in path finder tool, the researcher learns that many of the past Sultans of Perak were direct descendants of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar;85

  1. The 32nd Sultan of Perak (Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah) was the great grandson of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar.
  2. The 30th Sultan of Perak (Sultan Iskandar Shah) was the grandson of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar.
  3. The 29th Sultan of Perak (Sultan Abdul Jalil Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah) was the grandson of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar.
  4. The 28th Sultan of Perak (Sultan Idris Murshidul Adzam Shah I) was the son of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar.

Coincidentally, Datoh Kulup Lembang had amassed considerable wealth under the rule of the 28th Sultan of Perak. His grandson, Haji Abdul Aziz bin Ahmad Din, received Pingat Pangkuan Negara (P. P. N.) in 1968. The 33rd Sultan of Perak was the ruling Sultan in 1968 and His Majesty was also the son of the 30th Sultan of Perak.

It is also worth noting that Toh Sedewa Raja Haji Abdul Raffar bin Haji Abdul Rahman was the brother of Che Ken Uda Sari or Che Kenuda, who was the wife of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar.86

The researcher couldn't help noticing that there are discrepancies regarding the exact year of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar's death but the researcher once again is in no position to comment.

The father of Datoh Kulup Lembang was Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Ibrahim?

The experienced researcher that has given valuable information regarding the history of the mysterious wealthy individual known as Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim dropped a bomb when he said that he was told by an individual known only as Lope Aziz from Tambun that the father of Datoh Kulup Lembang was Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Ibrahim.87 The researcher was absolutely taken by surprise at first but after considering the fact that the experienced researcher is the third great grandson of the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta (Dato Hilang Dijalan),88 the researcher at least understands how he might get the information in the first place.

So, the father of Datoh Kulup Lembang was Mohd Kassim bin Ngah Ibrahim. The researcher of course would not blame anybody for thinking that this Ngah Ibrahim was the historically famous Menteri Ngah Ibrahim. To clear all doubts and presumptions, it is only fair for the researcher to look into Menteri Ngah Ibrahim's genealogical past.

Genealogical tree of Menteri Ngah Ibrahim

Menteri Ngah Ibrahim was born circa 1840 and his great ancestors descended from Aceh, Sumatera. His father was Che Long Jaafar and other than Ngah Ibrahim, Kulup Seman and Che Alang Sepiah were Che Long Jaafar's other children. Menteri Ngah Ibrahim married Tuk Puan Halimah, the daughter of the famous Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Wan Muhammad Amin and their children were Wan Muhammad Isa, Wan Mat Nasir, Wan Yeop Abdul Shukor and Che Sufiah.89 It has to be mentioned here that Abdullah Zakaria bin Ghazali didn't mention anything about Menteri Ngah Ibrahim's mother.

R. J. Wilkinson in 1909 however made it clear that Menteri Ngah Ibrahim's mother was Che Ngah Pura and she was the granddaughter of the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta, the main figure behind the mind-boggling legend of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan'.90

Genealogical tree of the title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta

Abdul Talib bin Haji Ahmad also mentioned that Che Long Ja'afar had married Ngah Pura but perplexingly, she was described as the daughter of an unknown Dato Panglima Kinta. Abdul Talib also mentioned that Che Long Ja'afar had migrated to Larut with the hope of finding mining opportunities like those that had already existed in Kinta.91 Hence, raising a rather interesting question. Where was Che Long Ja'afar before he migrated to Larut?

R. O. Winstedt was somewhat in agreement with R. J. Wilkinson, stating that Ngah Pura was the granddaughter of an unnamed Dato Panglima Kinta.92 M. A. Fawzi Basri unfortunately didn't provide any commentary on this matter, he merely cited R. O Winstedt's findings,93 as mentioned earlier.

Genealogical tree of Menteri Ngah Ibrahim

The noticeboard that is on display at the Matang Museum (formerly known as Kompleks Sejarah Kota Ngah Ibrahim) however indicates that Ngah Pura was the daughter of the 1st Dato Panglima Bukit Gantang, Alang Alaidin.94

Noticeboard at Matang Museum

The apparent discrepancies regarding Ngah Pura are of course perplexing but once again, the researcher is in no position to comment.

According to the World Family Tree at Geni, Menteri Ngah Ibrahim had two other wives. The researcher already mentioned Tuk Puan Halimah, the daughter of the famous Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota Wan Muhammad Amin. His other wives were Che Nensah and Sa'eah.95

Menteri Ngah Ibrahim died in Singapore in February 4th 1895.96 That is of course the official story but it has to be mentioned here that in 2006, a man claiming to be the youngest son of Menteri Ngah Ibrahim said that Menteri Ngah Ibrahim didn't die in Singapore. With the assistance of Panglima Sameon, Menteri Ngah Ibrahim allegedly ran to Johor and then returned home (Kampung Tepus, Tanjung Belanja, Parit) before marrying Pahtamah Alang Palit. They later moved to Kampung Dendang, Beruas before he died of old age in 1936.97 Coincidentally, a newspaper article (special feature) that was published in 1956 also gave the impression that Menteri Ngah Ibrahim had indeed returned to Larut in his old age.98

Datoh Kulup Lembang related to Menteri Ngah Ibrahim?

The researcher believes the answer is a plain no;

  1. There is no record indicating that Menteri Ngah Ibrahim ever had a son named Mohd Kassim, at least not from the details that have been provided on Menteri Ngah Ibrahim's profile at Geni's World Family Tree.
  2. Datoh Kulup Lembang died in 1915 at the age of about 70. A little calculation would reveal that the researcher's Great-Great-Grandfather could have been born circa 1845. Menteri Ngah Ibrahim on the other hand was born circa 1840. If Mohd Kassim was the son of the famous Menteri Ngah Ibrahim, then Datoh Kulup Lembang would have been Menteri Ngah Ibrahim's grandson. The timeline however is not right and it would be preposterous to think that Datoh Kulup Lembang was the grandson of the famous Menteri Ngah Ibrahim.

Conclusion?

There is no foregoing conclusion that can be reached at the moment. This particular research has uncovered many possibilities from the leads that have been thoroughly scrutinized but more work needs to be done in order to identify the identities of Datoh Kulup Lembang's biological parents. Whoever were the parents of Datoh Kulup Lembang;

  1. They may or may not be related with the 5th Dato Panglima Kinta that is behind the mind-boggling legend of 'Dato Hilang Dijalan'.
  2. They may or may not be related with the powerful and famous family of Orang Kaya Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota.
  3. They may or may not be related with the powerful Paloh branch, one of the branches of a family that has provided past and present title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta.
  4. They may or may not be related with the sadly forgotten Kepayang branch, the other branch of a family that has provided past title holders of Dato Panglima Kinta.
  5. They may or may not be related with the mysterious wealthy individual known as Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim, one of the wealthy people that in the past had partly financed the construction of the present-day historic Paloh Mosque.
  6. They may or may not be related with the old nobles of Teja or Sungai Raya.

If the Zabidah binti Kulop Lembeng that is mentioned under the heading “Haji Hassan bin Haji Mohamed Kassim & Hussin bin Haji Mohamed Kassim” was indeed the eldest daughter of Datoh Kulup Lembang and Hajjah Saripah binti Abdullah, then at least one of the immediate family members of Datoh Kulup Lembang had relation with Haji Mohd Kassim or Long Kassim in the past.

The researcher at the moment may not know the real identities of Datoh Kulup Lembang's parents but to those in the know, the researcher can say that there is something very wrong if what you have been told about Datoh Kulup Lembang's parents does not comply with either one of the above mentioned possibilities.

Ah, the sweet joy of research!


1. The Honorary Secretary, “Notes and Queries,” ed. The Honorary Secretary, No. 3, Issued with No. 16 of the Journal of the Society, 1886.⁠, 81-83.

2. Wright, Twentieth Century Impressions of British Malaya: Its History, People, Commerce, Industries, and Resources, 252.

3. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Untitled,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, May 21, 1919.

4. The Honorary Secretary, “Notes and Queries.”⁠, 83.

5. Ibid., 82-83.

6. Ibid.⁠, 83.

7. Chief Surveyor Perak, “Map of Perak 1901” (Ordnance Survey of Southampton, 1901).

8. Federated Malay States. Survey Department, “[Malaya 1:63,360] [cartographic Material] / F.M.S. Surveys.” (F.M.S. Survey, 1925-1938., n.d.), http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn3511756.

9. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, “Custom Maps of Rotan Segar,” 2015.

10. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Death of Datoh Lembang,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, April 27, 1915.

11. Kinta Land Office, “Lease for Agricultural Land No. 2412,” 1897.

12. Kinta Land Office, Memorandum of Transfer & Mining Leases for Registration, 1916.

13. The Honorary Secretary, “Notes and Queries,” ed. The Honorary Secretary, No. 3, Issued with No. 16 of the Journal of the Society, 1886⁠, 81-83.

14. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 18-22⁠.

15. Sunway City Ipoh, 7 Wonders of Tambun, 75-81.

16. R. J. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882 (F.M.S. Govt. Press, 1909), Appendix A or 63-65.

17. Kinta Land Office, Applies for the Renewal of Ancestral Mining Lease 40, 1906.

18. Voules, The Laws of The Federated Malay States 1877-1920, 1921, 682-683.

19. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 79-80.

20. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882, 24-25.

21. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “DEATH OF DATOH PANGLIMA KINTA,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 14, 1905.

22. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882, 65.

23. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab Uda Bidin,” Geni, 2009, http://www.geni.com/people/11th-Dato-Panglima-Kinta-Abdul-Wahab/6000000011313030691.

24. Richard Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell (Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1974), 153.

25. M. A. Fawzi Basri, Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak (Ipoh: Yayasan Perak, 1986), 162-163.

26. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 79-80.

27. IpohWorld, “The Datoh Panglima Kinta Wahab’s House,” n.d., http://db.ipohworld.org/view/id/607.

28. Court of the Judicial Commissioner Federated Malay States, State of Perak, Grant of Letters of Administration (1915).

29. Mohd Shahril bin Hussin Ahmad Shahril bin Zam Zam Amin, Reza Faridz bin Zainuddin, Senibina Masjid Paloh, n.d.

30. The Straits Times, “Page 6 Advertisements Column 2,” The Straits Times, July 2, 1917.

31. Norliza Abdul Rahman Hata Wahari, “Jasad 2 Pahlawan Dikebumi Semula,” Utusan Malaysia, September 10, 2006, http://library.perdana.org.my/News_2006/15-Sep-2006/UM/Others/UM-10092006b.pdf.

32. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Alang Abdul Wakaf @ Alang Duakap Alang Muhammad,” Geni, 2009, https://www.geni.com/people/Alang-Abdul-Wakaf-Alang-Duakap-Alang-Muhammad/6000000009583298351.

33. Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell, 148.

34. Phoenix Communications Limited, Ipoh; The Town That Tin Built : A Review of the History, Progress and Development of Perak’s Capital / Published and Edited for The Ipoh Municipal Council by Phoenix Communications Limited (Phoenix Communications Limited, 1962), 14.

35. Ibid, 19.

36. The Straits Times, “THE BORIA IN THE NORTH,” The Straits Times, January 28, 1935.

37. The Straits Times, “DATOH LAKSAMANA. Death of a Veteran Malay Chief,” The Straits Times, February 17, 1917.

38. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Untitled,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, February 16, 1917.

39. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Perak News,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, October 28, 1891.

40. Basri, Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak, 164.

41. Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell, 148.

42. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “[Orang Kaya-Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota] Muhammad Amin Alang Duakap,” Geni, 2009, http://www.geni.com/people/Orang-Kaya-Kaya-Laksamana-Raja-Mahkota-Muhammad-Amin-Alang-Duakap/6000000005092719508.

43. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, “Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib,” 2015.

44. Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib, “Keturunan Dato’ Panglima Kinta Pasak Kepayang,” Facebook, 2015, https://www.facebook.com/groups/panglimakintapasakkepayang/permalink/571536816292098/?comment_id=661836207262158&offset=0&total_comments=26&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R9%22%7D.

45. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab Uda Bidin.”

46. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “(Seri Adika Raja) Wan Muhammad Salleh Muhamad Salleh Wan Abu Bakar,” Geni, 2008, http://www.geni.com/people/Seri-Adika-Raja-Wan-Muhammad-Salleh-Wan-Abu-Bakar/6000000003369919051.

47. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, Paloh Mosque’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

48. Ahmad Shahril bin Zam Zam Amin, Reza Faridz bin Zainuddin, Senibina Masjid Paloh.

49. Wan Mohd. Shaghir Abdullah, “Saiyid Muhsin Al-Masawi Pengasas Dar Al-Ulum Di Mekah,” Utusan Online, 2006, http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2006&dt=0814&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Bicara_Agama&pg=ba_01.htm.

50. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 100.

51. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Untitled,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, February 27, 1931.

52. Federated Malay States, State of Perak, Grant of Letters of Administration (1915).

53. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “Death of Datoh Lembang.”

54. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 80-85.

55. The Straits Times, “SOCIAL AND PERSONAL,” The Straits Times, October 7, 1910.

56. The Straits Times, “SPOTLIGHT, on MALAYANS,” The Straits Times, September 14, 1947.

57. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 81.

58. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Toh Puan Norteh,” Geni, 2009, http://www.geni.com/people/Toh-Puan-Norteh/6000000004952374370.

59. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882, 65.

60. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 81.

61. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “DATOH’S HEIR DEAD IN CAR ACCIDENT,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 10, 1931.

62. Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell, 148.

63. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan Kulop Mohd Yusuff,” Geni, 2010, https://www.geni.com/people/12th-Dato-Panglima-Kinta-Che-Wan/6000000010510608609.

64. Berita Harian, “Anak Dato Hussein Akan Nikah Dengan Doktor Di-Ipoh,” Berita Harian, January 29, 1970.

65. Federated Malay States, “Federated Malay States Government Gazette,” Government Gazette VIII, no. 72 (1916), 1775-1776.

66. Federated Malay States, “Federated Malay States Government Gazette,” Government Gazette VI, no. 4 (1914), 104.

67. Federated Malay States, “Federated Malay States Government Gazette,” Government Gazette VIII, no. 71 (1916), 1679.

68. The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, “STEP-SON SUED,” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 13, 1936.

69. DR. TALIB SAMAT, “Menyingkap Ketokohan Tun Sab’an,” Utusan Online, February 20, 2011, http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2011&dt=0220&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Sastera&pg=sa_02.htm.

70. Raja Syahrir Abu Bakar, “Francis Light Bukan Orang Pertama Buka Pulau Pinang?,” Utusan Online, December 26, 2008, http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2008&dt=1226&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Keluarga&pg=ke_01.htm.

71. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, “Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib.”

72. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Long Kassim Bin Ngah Banja Jugra,” Geni, 2010, http://www.geni.com/people/Hj-Long-Mohd-Kassim/6000000029053797150.

73. Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib, “Keturunan Dato’ Panglima Kinta Pasak Kepayang,” Facebook, 2015, https://www.facebook.com/groups/panglimakintapasakkepayang/permalink/571536816292098/?comment_id=661843067261472&offset=0&total_comments=26&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R9%22%7D.

74. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882, 65.

75. Azman Ahmad, “Azman Ahmad,” Facebook, 2013, https://www.facebook.com/azman.ahmad.5855/posts/441790622600291.

76. Ahmad Shahril bin Zam Zam Amin, Reza Faridz bin Zainuddin, Senibina Masjid Paloh.

77. Azman Ahmad, “Azman Ahmad,” Facebook, 2014, https://www.facebook.com/azman.ahmad.5855/posts/511887858923900.

78. Nabila Hazelan, “Salasilah Keturunan Long Kassim (Opah : Ayah),” Blogger, 2013, http://dunianabilahazelan.blogspot.com/2013/03/salasilah-keturunan-long-kassim-opah.html.

79. Basri, Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak, 163-165.

80. Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell, 140.

81. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 43.

82. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, Tomb of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

83. R. J. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects : History. Part I, Events prior to British Ascendancy. Part II, Notes on Perak History (Federated Malay States Government Press, 1908), 77-78.

84. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, Gopeng Museum’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

85. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Bendahara Raja Alang Iskandar Ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah (34),” Geni, 2008, https://www.geni.com/people/Bendahara-Raja-Alang-Iskandar-ibni-Sultan-Ahmad-Shah-34/6000000002581826358.

86. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Y.D.H Toh Sedewa Raja Dato’ Hj Abdul Raffar ( Orang Besar 16 ),” Geni, 2010, https://www.geni.com/people/Y-D-H-Toh-Sedewa-Raja-Dato-Hj-Abdul-Raffar-Orang-Besar-16/6000000008900884355.

87. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, “Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib.”

88. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Fazil Shuhaimi Talib,” Geni, 2009, https://www.geni.com/people/Fazil-Shuhaimi-Talib/6000000003488835299.

89. Abdullah Zakaria bin Ghazali, Ngah Ibrahim (Persatuan Muzium Malaysia, 1993), 1.

90. Wilkinson, Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882, 64.

91. Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 33.

92. Winstedt, A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell, 145.

93. Basri, Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak, 148.

94. Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group, Matang Museum’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

95. Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree, “Orang Kaya Menteri Larut Perak Paduka Tuanku Raja Ngah Ibrahim Long Jaafar,” Geni, 2009, http://www.geni.com/people/Orang-Kaya-Menteri-Larut-Perak-Paduka-Tuanku-Raja-Ngah-Ibrahim-Long-Jaafar/6000000005088528190.

96. Ghazali, Ngah Ibrahim, 58.

97. Unknown, “Di Mana Ngah Ibrahim Disemadi? -- Perak, Dakwa Anak,” Utusan Online, 2006, http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2006&dt=0904&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=dalam_negeri&pg=dn_02.htm&arc=hive.

98. The Straits Times, “Mentri of Larut Was Exiled to Seychelles,” The Straits Times, March 17, 1956.


Bibliography

Abdullah, Wan Mohd. Shaghir. “Saiyid Muhsin Al-Masawi Pengasas Dar Al-Ulum Di Mekah.” Utusan Online, 2006. http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2006&dt=0814&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Bicara_Agama&pg=ba_01.htm.

Ahmad, Abdul Talib bin Haji. Riwayat Kinta. Pustaka Rusna, 1959.

Ahmad, Azman. “Azman Ahmad.” Facebook, 2013. https://www.facebook.com/azman.ahmad.5855/posts/441790622600291.

———. “Azman Ahmad.” Facebook, 2014. https://www.facebook.com/azman.ahmad.5855/posts/511887858923900.

Ahmad Shahril bin Zam Zam Amin, Reza Faridz bin Zainuddin, Mohd Shahril bin Hussin. Senibina Masjid Paloh, n.d.

Bakar, Raja Syahrir Abu. “Francis Light Bukan Orang Pertama Buka Pulau Pinang?” Utusan Online, December 26, 2008. http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2008&dt=1226&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Keluarga&pg=ke_01.htm.

Basri, M. A. Fawzi. Cempaka Sari: Sejarah Kesultanan Negeri Perak. Ipoh: Yayasan Perak, 1986.

Berita Harian. “Anak Dato Hussein Akan Nikah Dengan Doktor Di-Ipoh.” Berita Harian, January 29, 1970.

Chief Surveyor Perak. “Map of Perak 1901.” Ordnance Survey of Southampton, 1901.

Crowd-sourced Geni World Family Tree. “(Seri Adika Raja) Wan Muhammad Salleh Muhamad Salleh Wan Abu Bakar.” Geni, 2008. http://www.geni.com/people/Seri-Adika-Raja-Wan-Muhammad-Salleh-Wan-Abu-Bakar/6000000003369919051.

———. “[Orang Kaya-Kaya Laksamana Raja Mahkota] Muhammad Amin Alang Duakap.” Geni, 2009. http://www.geni.com/people/Orang-Kaya-Kaya-Laksamana-Raja-Mahkota-Muhammad-Amin-Alang-Duakap/6000000005092719508.

———. “11th Dato Panglima Kinta Abdul Wahab Uda Bidin.” Geni, 2009. http://www.geni.com/people/11th-Dato-Panglima-Kinta-Abdul-Wahab/6000000011313030691.

———. “12th Dato Panglima Kinta Che Wan Kulop Mohd Yusuff.” Geni, 2010. https://www.geni.com/people/12th-Dato-Panglima-Kinta-Che-Wan/6000000010510608609.

———. “Alang Abdul Wakaf @ Alang Duakap Alang Muhammad.” Geni, 2009. https://www.geni.com/people/Alang-Abdul-Wakaf-Alang-Duakap-Alang-Muhammad/6000000009583298351.

———. “Bendahara Raja Alang Iskandar Ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah (34).” Geni, 2008. https://www.geni.com/people/Bendahara-Raja-Alang-Iskandar-ibni-Sultan-Ahmad-Shah-34/6000000002581826358.

———. “Fazil Shuhaimi Talib.” Geni, 2009. https://www.geni.com/people/Fazil-Shuhaimi-Talib/6000000003488835299.

———. “Long Kassim Bin Ngah Banja Jugra.” Geni, 2010. http://www.geni.com/people/Hj-Long-Mohd-Kassim/6000000029053797150.

———. “Orang Kaya Menteri Larut Perak Paduka Tuanku Raja Ngah Ibrahim Long Jaafar.” Geni, 2009. http://www.geni.com/people/Orang-Kaya-Menteri-Larut-Perak-Paduka-Tuanku-Raja-Ngah-Ibrahim-Long-Jaafar/6000000005088528190.

———. “Toh Puan Norteh.” Geni, 2009. http://www.geni.com/people/Toh-Puan-Norteh/6000000004952374370.

———. “Y.D.H Toh Sedewa Raja Dato’ Hj Abdul Raffar ( Orang Besar 16 ).” Geni, 2010. https://www.geni.com/people/Y-D-H-Toh-Sedewa-Raja-Dato-Hj-Abdul-Raffar-Orang-Besar-16/6000000008900884355..

Descendants of Datoh Kulup Lembang-Abdul Aziz Group. “Custom Maps of Rotan Segar,” 2015.

———. Gopeng Museum’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

———. “Haji Fazil Shuhaimi Talib,” 2015.

———. Matang Museum’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

———. Paloh Mosque’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

———. Tomb of Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar’s Site Visit Photos, 2015.

Federated Malay States. “Federated Malay States Government Gazette.” Government Gazette VI, no. 4 (1914).

———. “Federated Malay States Government Gazette.” Government Gazette VIII, no. 72 (1916).

———. “Federated Malay States Government Gazette.” Government Gazette VIII, no. 71 (1916).

Federated Malay States, State of Perak, Court of the Judicial Commissioner. Grant of Letters of Administration, (1915).

Federated Malay States. Survey Department. “[Malaya 1:63,360] [cartographic Material] / F.M.S. Surveys.” F.M.S. Survey, 1925-1938., n.d. http://nla.gov.au/nla.map-vn3511756.

Ghazali, Abdullah Zakaria bin. Ngah Ibrahim. Persatuan Muzium Malaysia, 1993.

Hata Wahari, Norliza Abdul Rahman. “Jasad 2 Pahlawan Dikebumi Semula.” Utusan Malaysia, September 10, 2006. http://library.perdana.org.my/News_2006/15-Sep-2006/UM/Others/UM-10092006b.pdf.

Hazelan, Nabila. “Salasilah Keturunan Long Kassim (Opah : Ayah).” Blogger, 2013. http://dunianabilahazelan.blogspot.com/2013/03/salasilah-keturunan-long-kassim-opah.html.

IpohWorld. “The Datoh Panglima Kinta Wahab’s House,” n.d. http://db.ipohworld.org/view/id/607.

Kinta Land Office. Applies for the Renewal of Ancestral Mining Lease 40, 1906.

———. “Lease for Agricultural Land No. 2412,” 1897.

———. Memorandum of Transfer & Mining Leases for Registration, 1916.

Limited, Phoenix Communications. Ipoh; The Town That Tin Built : A Review of the History, Progress and Development of Perak’s Capital / Published and Edited for The Ipoh Municipal Council by Phoenix Communications Limited. Phoenix Communications Limited, 1962.

SAMAT, DR. TALIB. “Menyingkap Ketokohan Tun Sab’an.” Utusan Online, February 20, 2011. http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2011&dt=0220&pub=Utusan_Malaysia&sec=Sastera&pg=sa_02.htm.

Sunway City Ipoh. 7 Wonders of Tambun. Sunway City Ipoh, 2010.

Talib, Haji Fazil Shuhaimi. “Keturunan Dato’ Panglima Kinta Pasak Kepayang.” Facebook, 2015. https://www.facebook.com/groups/panglimakintapasakkepayang/permalink/571536816292098/?comment_id=661836207262158&offset=0&total_comments=26&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R9%22%7D.

———. “Keturunan Dato’ Panglima Kinta Pasak Kepayang.” Facebook, 2015. https://www.facebook.com/groups/panglimakintapasakkepayang/permalink/571536816292098/?comment_id=661843067261472&offset=0&total_comments=26&comment_tracking=%7B%22tn%22%3A%22R9%22%7D.

The Honorary Secretary. “Notes and Queries.” Edited by The Honorary Secretary. No. 3, Issued with No. 16 of the Journal of the Society, 1886.

The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser. “DATOH’S HEIR DEAD IN CAR ACCIDENT.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 10, 1931.

———. “Death of Datoh Lembang.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, April 27, 1915.

———. “DEATH OF DATOH PANGLIMA KINTA.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 14, 1905.

———. “Perak News.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, October 28, 1891.

———. “STEP-SON SUED.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, November 13, 1936.

———. “Untitled.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, February 16, 1917.

———. “Untitled.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, May 21, 1919.

———. “Untitled.” The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser, February 27, 1931.

The Straits Times. “DATOH LAKSAMANA. Death of a Veteran Malay Chief.” The Straits Times, February 17, 1917.

———. “Mentri of Larut Was Exiled to Seychelles.” The Straits Times, March 17, 1956.

———. “Page 6 Advertisements Column 2.” The Straits Times, July 2, 1917.

———. “SOCIAL AND PERSONAL.” The Straits Times, October 7, 1910.

———. “SPOTLIGHT, on MALAYANS.” The Straits Times, September 14, 1947.

———. “THE BORIA IN THE NORTH.” The Straits Times, January 28, 1935.

Unknown. “Di Mana Ngah Ibrahim Disemadi? -- Perak, Dakwa Anak.” Utusan Online, 2006. http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/info.asp?y=2006&dt=0904&pub=utusan_malaysia&sec=dalam_negeri&pg=dn_02.htm&arc=hive.

Voules, A. B. The Laws of The Federated Malay States 1877-1920. Vol III. Hazell, Watson & Viney, 1921.

Wilkinson, R. J. Papers on Malay Subjects: History Part IV, Council Minutes, Perak, 1880-1882. F.M.S. Govt. Press, 1909.

———. Papers on Malay Subjects : History. Part I, Events prior to British Ascendancy. Part II, Notes on Perak History. Federated Malay States Government Press, 1908.

Winstedt, Richard. A History of Perak /​ by R.O. Winstedt and R.J. Wilkinson ; and Three Articles by W.E. Maxwell. Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1974.

Wright, Arnold. Twentieth Century Impressions of British Malaya: Its History, People, Commerce, Industries, and Resources. Lloyd’s Greater Britain publishing company, limited, 1908.

A word of thanks to the National Library of Australia, National Library Board Singapore, National Archives of Malaysia, Perpustakaan Awam Negeri Perak and Google Maps for making this humble research possible.

جزاك اللهُ خيراً


Copyright © 2015 SAS, 4th Generation Descendant of Datoh Kulup Lembang.
All rights reserved.